10.31.2008

Spinoza says...

DESIRE is the very essence of man in so far as his essence is conceived as determined to any action from any given affection of itself.

PLEASURE is man’s transition from a state of less perfection to a state of greater perfection.

PAIN is man’s transition from a state of greater perfection to a state of less perfection.

WONDER is the thought of any thing on which the mind stays fixed because this particular thought has no connection with any others.

CONTEMPT is the imagining (imagination) of some thing that makes little impact on the mind that the presence of the thing motivated the mind to think of what is not in the thing rather than of what is in the thing.

LOVE is pleasure accompanied by the idea of an external cause.

HATRED is pain accompanied by the idea of an external cause.

INCLINATION is pleasure accompanied by the idea of a thing which is indirectly the cause of pleasure.

AVERSION is pain accompanied by the idea of a thing which is indirectly the cause of the pain.

DEVOTION is love towards one at whom we wonder.

DERISION is pleasure arising from our imagining that there is in the object of our hate something that we despise.

HOPE is inconstant pleasure arising from the idea of a thing future or past, of whose outcome we are in some doubt.

FEAR is inconstant pain arising from the idea of a thing future or past, of whose outcome we are in some doubt.

CONFIDENCE is pleasure arising from the idea of a thing future or past, concerning which reason for doubt has been removed.

DESPAIR is pain arising from the idea of a thing future or past concerning which reason for doubt has been removed.

JOY is pleasure accompanied by the idea of a past thing whose outcome was contrary to our fear.

DISAPPOINTMENT is pain accompanied by the idea of a past thing whose outcome was contrary to our hope.

PITY is pain accompanied by the idea of ill that has happened to another whom we think of as like ourselves.

APPROBATION is love towards one who has benefited another.

INDIGNATION is hatred towards one who has injured another.

OVER-ESTEEM is to think too highly of someone by reason of love.

DISPARAGEMENT is to think too meanly of someone by reason of hated.

ENVY is hatred, in so far as it so affects a man that he is pained at another’s good fortune and rejoices at another’s ill-fortune.

COMPASSION is love, in so far as it so affects a man that he rejoices at another’s good and feels pain at another’s hurt.

SELF-CONTENTMENT is pleasure arising from a man’s contemplation of himself and his power of activity.

HUMILITY is pain arising from a man’s contemplation of his own impotence, or weakness.

REPENTANCE is pain accompanied by the idea of some deed which we believe we have done from free decision of the mind.

PRIDE is thinking too highly of oneself by reason of self-love.

SELF-ABASEMENT is thinking too meanly of oneself by reason of pain.

HONOR is pleasure accompanied by the idea of some action of ours which we think that others praise.

SHAME is pain accompanied by the idea of some action of ours that we think that others censure.

LONGING is desire or appetite for possessing something, a desire fostered by remembrance of the said thing and at the same time checked by remembrance of other things that exclude the existence of the said object or appetite.

GRATITUDE is desire, or eagerness of love whereby we endeavor to benefit one who, from a like emotion of love, has bestowed a benefit on us.

BENEVOLENCE is the desire to benefit one whom we pity.

ANGER is the desire whereby we are urged from hatred to inflict injury on one whom we hate.

REVENGE is the desire whereby we are urged from mutual hatred to inflict injury on one who, from like emotion, has injured us.

CRUELTY, or savageness, is the desire whereby someone is urged to inflict injury on one whom we love or whom we pity.

TIMIDITY id the desire to avoid a greater evil, which we fear, by a lesser evil.

BOLDNESS is the desire whereby someone is urged to some dangerous action which his fellows fear to undertake.

COWARDICE is a term applied to one whose desire is checked by apprehension of a danger which his fellows dare to face.

CONSTERNATION is a term applied to one whose desire to avoid evil is checked by a feeling of wonder at the evil that he fears.

COURTESY or Politeness is desire to do things that please men and avoid things that displease them.

AMBITION is the immoderate desire for honor.

DISSIPATION is the immoderate desire, or also love, of sumptuous living.

DRUNKENNESS is the immoderate desire and love of drinking.

AVARICE is the immoderate desire and love of riches.

LUST is also the desire and love of sexual intercourse.

1 Comments:

Blogger Nada said...

Well, now that's all in order.

13 November, 2008  

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